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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 135-137

Nontuberculous mycobacteria: Trick or treat – A case of Mycobacterium lentiflavum

1 Department of Pulmonology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yozgat Bozok University, Yozgat, Turkey
3 7th Tuberculosis Control Dispensary, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Deniz Dogan Mulazimoglu
Department of Pulmonology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Mamak St., Dikimevi, Ankara 06100
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejop.ejop_81_18

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Mycobacterium lentiflavum is a relatively rare cause of infection. Cases of human diseases have been reported. Most of the patients are immunocompromised. Here, we present an immunocompetent patient with pulmonary disease. The patient has come with chronic cough and hemoptysis. On computed thoracic tomography, there were bilateral cavitating centriacinar nodules, bronchiectasis, and tree-in-bud pattern. Microbiological analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid grew M. lentiflavum. Her symptoms are relieved with ethambutol, clarithromycin, and rifabutin. Nontuberculous mycobacteria are an emerging problem worldwide. Necessity of treatment depends on the patient.

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