Eurasian Journal of Pulmonology

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 138--139

Preoperative chest disease and postoperative pulmonary complications: Anticipated results still need further examination


Habib Md Reazaul Karim, Chinmaya Kumar Panda 
 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Habib Md Reazaul Karim
Faculty Room A001, Block A, Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur - 492 099, Chhattisgarh
India




How to cite this article:
Reazaul Karim HM, Panda CK. Preoperative chest disease and postoperative pulmonary complications: Anticipated results still need further examination.Eurasian J Pulmonol 2019;21:138-139


How to cite this URL:
Reazaul Karim HM, Panda CK. Preoperative chest disease and postoperative pulmonary complications: Anticipated results still need further examination. Eurasian J Pulmonol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Oct 23 ];21:138-139
Available from: http://www.eurasianjpulmonol.com/text.asp?2019/21/2/138/265833


Full Text



Dear Editor,

Postoperative pulmonary complication (POPC) is a critical perioperative concern. We read the interesting study by Ercen Diken et al.[1] published in your journal with great interest. We thank the authors for their effort, and the study will help the perioperative physicians and chest physicians for categorizing and optimizing the patients with preoperative pulmonary disorder according to the gravity of the procedure. The authors' emphasis on careful evaluation of the patients by a pulmonary specialist and anesthesiologists is genuinely justified. However, it is felt that a few facts need more information for better interpretation and acceptance of the study results.

The authors did not find American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Class as an independent predictor, and this intrigued us. Although the recent literature and studies indicate against the authors' findings,[2],[3] we believe that the ASA Class assignment by the authors may not be proper. This is because, authors included those patients who were consulted for preoperative chest diseases, which itself classify them as ASA-II (ASA Physical Class by ASA House of Delegates/Executive Committee. Last amended: October 15, 2014). Hence, there is unlikely to be an ASA Class I patient in their cohort. This might have impacted their outcome.

Furthermore, respiratory failure was defined by the authors as the ratio of arterial oxygenation with a fraction of inspired oxygen per se, the inclusion of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients where peripheral oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2) is likely to have values 288%–90% in a COPD patient.[4] Hence, the number of such patients in the preoperative period who were later categorized as or developed respiratory failure is essential to know for better interpretation of results.

The other information which will help the scientific community is the time within which (i.e., hospitalization, within 30 days postoperative or entire 6 months of follow-up) a complication has been classified as a POPC. This is not well mentioned leading to the obscurity. It can even impact incidence. Details of follow-up will give better information as this is a retrospective study. Similarly, information on a few other points which may affect the outcome of this study is the status of preoperative pulmonary infection, preoperative oxygen supplementation, duration of surgery, class or severity of COPD, etc.[5],[6]

While we agree that the authors result will help us in formulating better preoperative care, it is also true that intraoperative management such as duration of anesthesia and colloid use [5],[6] can affect the POPC, and therefore, a prospective study including physicians from both chest/pulmonary medicine and anesthesiology will give us better insight.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Ercen Diken O, Fazlıoğlu N, Sarıoğlu N, Ogan N, Yılmaz N, Tanrıverdi H, et al. The value of preoperative pulmonary assessment in predicting postoperative pulmonary complications. Eurasian J Pulmonol 2019;21:29-37.
2Kodra N, Shpata V, Ohri I. Risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications after abdominal surgery. Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2016;4:259-63.
3Miskovic A, Lumb AB. Postoperative pulmonary complications. Br J Anaesth 2017;118:317-34.
4O'Driscoll BR, Howard LS, Earis J, Mak V; British Thoracic Society Emergency Oxygen Guideline Group, BTS Emergency Oxygen Guideline Development Group. BTS guideline for oxygen use in adults in healthcare and emergency settings. Thorax 2017;72:ii1-90.
5Yang CK, Teng A, Lee DY, Rose K. Pulmonary complications after major abdominal surgery: National surgical quality improvement program analysis. J Surg Res 2015;198:441-9.
6Fernandez-Bustamante A, Frendl G, Sprung J, Kor DJ, Subramaniam B, Martinez Ruiz R, et al. Postoperative pulmonary complications, early mortality, and hospital stay following noncardiothoracic surgery: A multicenter study by the perioperative research network investigators. JAMA Surg 2017;152:157-66.