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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 122-126

The profile of electronic cigarette users in Turkey

1 Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey
2 Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of Engineering, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey
3 Department of First and Emergency Aid, Atayalvaç Vocational School of Health Services, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gülsen Goney
Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta 32260
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejop.ejop_79_18

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OBJECTIVE: Data on electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use patterns are limited worldwide. This paper examines user profile of e-cigarettes in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive study. E-cigarette users (≥18 ages) in Turkey were asked to participate in a web-based survey. The participants provided information on their use history, patterns of e-cigarette use, content of e-liquid (amount of nicotine, types of food additives, kinds of products purchased, etc.), attitudes regarding the product, and information on the concurrent use of classic cigarettes. RESULTS: The online questionnaire was completed by 480 e-cigarette users. The results indicated that e-cigarette users have high incomes (100%), previous smoking dependency (100%), and a mean age of 35 ± 6, and the majority of them are male (99.2%). They use e-cigarettes primarily to quit smoking or to reduce the harm associated with smoking (65.4%, 11.1%, respectively). The e-cigarette users (15.6%) intend to quit smoking by gradually reducing their e-liquid nicotine concentrations. The majority of them (76%) think that e-cigarettes and e-liquids could be harmful to children. Of them, 46.6% used second-generation e-cigarettes and 53.3% used third-generation e-cigarettes with direct dripping. CONCLUSION: This study is the first description of the attitudes and use of e-cigarette users in Turkey. Results show that most of the users began to use e-cigarettes in order to quit smoking. According to the study findings, we propose an urgent need for an evaluation by health authorities for e-cigarette use and smoking cessation.

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