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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 123-127

A rare cause of pleural effusion; yellow nail syndrome


Department of Chest, Akdeniz University Hospital, Antalya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hulya Dirol
Department of Chest, Akdeniz University Hospital, Antalya 07059
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ejop.ejop_74_19

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Yellow nail syndrome (YNS) is a rare syndrome characterized by yellow-thick nails, lymphedema, and recurrent respiratory symptoms. Respiratory symptoms occur due to asthma, bronchitis, bronchiectasis, pneumonia, sinusitis, pleural, and pericardial effusion. Pleural effusion is usually bilateral, exudative, and lymphocyte-predominant. Although about half of patients have pleural effusion, it is not a component of the triad. Two of the classical triad, yellow-thick nails, lymphedema, and recurrent respiratory symptoms, is enough for the diagnosis. About a hundred cases have been reported in the literature and all what we know is based on these case reports. There is no specific treatment for YNS; the goal is symptom control. Here, we report a successful pleurodesis in a 58-year-old male patient with YNS.


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